Recent Submissions

  • Prevalence and factors associated with probable obstructive sleep apnea among patients with hypertension in two primary care clinics in Miri, Sarawak, Malaysia

    Ching, Siew Mooi; Singh, Rajvinder; Azmi, Fatimah Shahidah Binti; Chong, Khian Lu; Ong, Cynthia Ruey Shyuan; Ayob, Nur Afiqah Binti; Patil, Mansi; Lee, Kai Wei; Ramachandran, Vasudevan; Arora, Viresh; et al. (Springer, 2023-05-19)
    Purpose: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been increasingly recognized as an important factor contributing to medical morbidity and mortality. It was reported that more than half of the population with hypertension had OSA. Limited studies have been done on assessing OSA in hypertensive patients. This study aimed to determine the prevalence, socio-demographic characteristics, and factors associated with probable OSA in hypertensive patients in primary care clinics in Sarawak. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out using a systematic random sampling method in hypertensive patients who attended two government primary care clinics in Sarawak. The STOP-Bang questionnaire was used to screen for OSA, and social-demographic data was captured with a questionnaire. Multiple logistic regressions were used to examine the determinants of the OSA. Results: A total of 410 patients were enrolled in this study. The mean age of study population patients was 56.4 years, with more than half being female. The mean blood pressure was 136/82. The prevalence of probable OSA among patients with hypertension was 54.4%. According to multiple logistic regression analyses, smoking (odds ratio [OR] 14.37, 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.335-61.947), retirees (OR 3.20, 95% CI 1.675-6.113), and being Chinese (OR 2.21, 95% CI 1.262-3.863) had a significant positive association with probable OSA. Conclusions: Because of the high prevalence of probable OSA among patients with hypertension, primary care physicians should be more vigilant in identifying hypertensive patients with OSA risk. Early detection and intervention would reduce disease complications and healthcare costs.
  • Audit on the Quality of Operation Notes in Otolaryngology: Based on Electronic Template.

    Vijayakumar, Sabarinath; Divakaran, Shilpa; Khan, Irfan; Vijayakumar, Sabarinath; Divakaran, Shilpa; Khan, Irfan; Ear, nose and throat; Medical and Dental; Sandwell and West Birmingham NHS Trust (Springer, 2021-03-09)
    The operative note is a vital document in the treatment and safety of patients. Detailed recording of operation notes can be quite helpful in research, audit and medico-legal problems. This quality improvement programme was conducted to assess the quality of documentation on an electronic template in comparison to the Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) guidelines. The electronic template used for recording operation notes was compared with RCS guidelines for completeness. A retrospective review of operation notes for all the operations performed by ENT over 1-month period was done. The deficiencies were shared with the department during monthly quality-improvement meetings. A second cycle was carried out in the month of September. The electronic template that is being used in our hospital matches completely with the RCS recommendation. A total of 90 operative records were analysed in the initial audit. The Compliance was 100% in all parameters except five. In the second cycle of audit, compliance was found to be 100% across all parameters, except one-showing considerable improvement. Electronic templates offer easy recording of operation notes without the help of aide memoire, despite which deficiencies do occur. Regular audits are needed to maintain good record-keeping.
  • The Effect of COVID on Nasal Fracture Management in ENT Emergency Clinics.

    Gupta, Keshav Kumar; Gupta, Vinay Kumar; Sanghera, Ranjodh Singh; Jolly, Karan; McClleland, Lisha; Gupta, Vinay Kumar; Sandwell and West Birmingham NHS Trust; Medical and Dental; Sandwell and West Birmingham NHS Trust; Queen Elizabeth Hospital (Thieme Gruppe, 2021-05-05)
    There was a total of 104 patients analyzed, with 51.4% decrease in the number of patients seen in 2020 versus 2019. The mean days to follow up in 2019 was 8.09 days and 7.65 days in 2020 (P = .37). There was no statistically significant difference in the number of patients seen within the 10-day target between years (2019 = 65.7% vs. 2020 = 76.5%, P = .35). The majority of patients were managed with manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) in 2019 (n = 32, 45.7%) vs. discharge from clinic in 2020 (n = 21, 61.8%).
  • Sphenochoanal Polyp: A Rare Form of Choanal Polyp in a Child.

    Vijayakumar, Sabarinath; Bage, Atul Mukul; Vijayakumar, Sabarinath; Sandwell and West Birmingham NHS Trust; Medical and Dental; Sandwell and West Birmingham NHS Trust; Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital (Springer, 2021-01-28)
    Sphenochoanal polyps are rare cause of progressive nasal obstruction. These can often be mistaken for antrochoanal polyp if not investigated thoroughly. Here, we report the case of a 7 years old boy, who presented with a choanal mass. Endoscopic examination and CT helped in cinching the diagnosis
  • Pedunculated pleomorphic adenoma of uvula - a rare presentation.

    Vijayakumar, Sabarinath; Divakaran, Shilpa; Muzaffar, Suhail; Mian, Mohammed Yusuf; Khan, Irfan; Vijayakumar, Sabarinath; Divakaran, Shilpa; Mian, Mohammed Y.; Khan, Irfan; Ear, Nose and Throat; et al. (Elsevier, 2021-02-13)
    No abstract available.